HIV (the human immunodeficiency virus) is a serious viral infection that is spread through body fluids, including through sexual intercourse, and this includes vaginal, anal and sometimes oral sex. The virus attacks our immune system to make us more susceptible to infections and disease.
HIV can also be spread by needle stick contamination, by sharing needles; receiving surgical treatment in foreign countries (where sterilization of equipment may not meet the standards of developed countries) and sometimes it can be passed from the mother to a child during the birth process or through breast feeding.
HIV is found in the bodily fluids of an infected person, which includes semen, vaginal, anal fluids, and blood and breast milk. HIV virus thrives inside a person’s body, however does not survive long outside the body. HIV cannot be transmitted through sweat or urine.