What is the main cause of chlamydia?

chlamydia testing

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection & is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in the UK, which affects the cervix and the urethra in women and the urethra in men.

Accounting for almost half of all STI diagnoses in 2014 according to Public Health England figures.

It is usually associated with people under 25, making age a risk factor; however it can be caught by anyone. It can be treated and will cause no problems if caught early. However, if left untreated it can have an effect on your health.

Chlamydia is an infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, which is usually spread through sexual contact. This is a bacterium which infects cells in the cervix, urethra, rectum and sometimes the eyes or throat.

Chlamydia is the most common STI and, quite often, there are no outward symptoms to indicate that anything is wrong.  Chlamydia can, if left untreated, cause very unwelcome complications.

In up to 40 percent of women, untreated infections can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This can cause permanent damage to the fallopian tubes, uterus, and surrounding tissues and lead to chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and an ectopic pregnancy. Women infected with Chlamydia are up to five times more likely to become infected with HIV if exposed.

What is the Common Treatment for Chlamydia?


chlamydia testing

Chlamydia can be easily tested by taking a swab or by using a urine test. Positive test outcome can be treated with antibiotics.  The most common treatment is azithromycin as it is a one-off dose.  Another treatment is doxycycline but this is usually a one week course.

Re-testing for Chlamydia is not normally required as the treatments are highly effective. If you need to be tested again based on medical advice or persistence of symptoms, we recommend that you leave at least 3 weeks clear after treatment has been completed. Testing inside this window can lead to false results.  It is essential that all current and recent sexual partners are also treated; even if they do not have any symptoms.

It is recommended that you do not have sex for at least 7 days after you finish your treatment. This will ensure that you are completely clear and not able to pass on the infection.

Please do not try to guess which infection you may have as it is normally difficult to determine this without a test

If you are suffering any symptoms such as genital discharge or a burning sensation when you urinate, we recommend the Full Sexual Health Screen so that we can determine what is causing the problem.