What are the risk factors for HIV infection?

HIV Testing

As per the guidelines of Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP). People with the higher risk of HIV infection should get tested every 6 months or every year.

Some factors that increase the risk of HIV infection are as follows:

  • Having unprotected sex
  • Sharing infected syringes/needles
  • Suffering from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as syphilis
  • Suffering from tuberculosis or hepatitis

One needs to talk to his/her healthcare provider if you are suffering from any above situation to confirm how often you should take the test.

What are the Symptoms of HIV? (Infographic)

HIV test online

Most people who get HIV will have some symptoms within a few weeks of acquiring the virus. It is important to point out that not all people recently infected will have noticeable symptoms so do not use lack of symptoms as an excuse not to be tested!

At first individuals may experience flu-like symptoms, these can include:

  • diarrhoea
  • headaches
  • fatigue
  • sore throat
  • muscle aches and pains

If these symptoms do occur they can subside for a number of years and the HIV can go undetected in the body, but during this time the virus will multiply and can be passed on to other people.

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